(Image Source: Organalle)
The Hebrew language is part of the Semitic language family which includes Aramaic, Arabic, Aamharic etc. Hebrew used to written in a different script now known as the paleo-Hebrew script. The switch to the current script began around the third century BC when a modified form of the Aramaic script began to be used. Thus the current Hebrew script is a descendant of the Aramaic script. The Hebrew script is case insensitive, however 5 of the 22 letters have special final forms (sofit) which are used only when the occur at the end of a word. Hebrew is also written right to left unlike English and other Latin based alphabets which are written from right to left.